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FOCUS November 2014

Category - International Relations

  1. Arbatov, Alexei.
    Engaging China in Nuclear Arms Control.
    Click to read the full text
    Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 9, 2014, 8 pages."In spite of all the difficulties, it appears possible to engage China gradually in the nuclear arms limitation process. However, not only Beijing but also the United States and Russia must revise their military policies." (From the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)
  2. Cabral, Roxanne and others.
    Diplomacy for a Diffuse World. Click to read the full text
    Atlantic Council, October 3, 2014, 6 pages.
    "It examines how key global trends—the diffusion of power and the rise of individual empowerment—significantly impact the way the United States government must conduct diplomacy. In the brief, experts provide actionable recommendations to help build a more comprehensive and focused diplomatic strategy to better embrace the changes brought by these trends." (From the Atlantic Council)
  3. Kan, Shirley A.
    "Statements During the Obama Administration." from China/Taiwan: Evolution of the "One China" Policy: Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei. Click to read the full text
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, October 10, 2014, 4 pages.
    "With President Obama since 2009, a rhetorical convergence emerged about 'peaceful development' of cross-strait ties. However, disagreements remain about the PRC's goal of political talks for unification, Taiwan's status, Taiwan's self-defense, and U.S. arms sales and other cooperation with Taiwan." (From CRS Report)
  4. Romberg, Alan D.
    Cross-Strait Relations: Portrayals of Consistency. Click to read the full text
    Hoover Institution, October 17, 2014, 26 pages.
    "While in reality adjusting to an evolving situation both on Taiwan and in cross-Strait relations over the past few months, all parties concerned have sought to portray their approaches as consistent and undisturbed by 'some situations' that could have thrown things off course." (From the Hoover Institution)
  5. Shambaugh, David.
    China at the Crossroads: Ten Major Reform Challenges. Click to read the full text
    Brookings Institution, October 1, 2014, 18 pages.
    "After thirty-five years of successful reforms first launched by Deng Xiaoping and his colleagues at the famous Third Plenum of the Eleventh Central Committee in December 1978, many China watchers (and many Chinese inside China) judge that the nation is at a “crossroads” and has reached a series of critical junctures in its economic, social, political, environmental, intellectual, foreign policy and other areas. " (From the Brookings Institution)
  6. State Department Official on U.S. Priorities in East Asia, the Pacific. Click to read the full text
    IIP Digital, September 26, 2014, 11 pages.
    "The sheer rapidity and magnitude, the interconnectedness of the major global challenges demand a response ― a different response, a global response involving more players, more diverse players than ever before." (From IIP Digital)
 Category - Economics & Trade

7.  Bayoumi, Tamim.
Official Financial Flows, Capital Mobility, and Global Imbalances. Click to read the full text
Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics, October, 2014, 38 pages.
"The authors use a cross-country panel framework to analyze the effect of net official flows (chiefly foreign exchange intervention) on current accounts. They find that net official flows have a large but plausible effect on current account balances." (From Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics)

8. Fischer, Stanley.
The Federal Reserve and the Global Economy. Click to read the full text
Federal Reserve System, October 11, 2014, 25 pages.
"In a progressively integrating world economy and financial system, a central bank cannot ignore developments beyond its country's borders, and the Fed is no exception. This is true even though the Fed's statutory objectives are defined as specific goals for the U.S. economy." (From the Federal Reserve System)

9. Salidjanova, Nargiza.
The RMB's Long Road to Internationalization. Click to read the full text
U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, September 22, 2014,
13 pages.
"Despite growth in onshore and offshore use, the RMB cannot become a true international currency until Chinese authorities liberalize China's capital account, allowing for unrestrained movement of financial flows." (From the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission)

Category - Politics

10.   Beth, Richard S. and Jessica Tollestrup.
Lame Duck Sessions of Congress, 1935-2012 (74th-112th Congresses). Click to read the full text
(CRS Report for Congress)
Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, September 19, 2014,
30 pages.
"A 'lame duck' session of Congress occurs whenever one Congress meets after its successor is elected, but before the term of the current Congress ends. Under present conditions, any meeting of Congress after election day in November, but before the following January 3, is a lame duck session. Prior to 1933, when the 20th Amendment changed the dates of the congressional term, the last regular session of Congress was always a lame duck session. Today, however, the expression is used not only for a separate session of Congress that convenes after a sine die adjournment, but also for any portion of a regular session that falls after an election." (From CRS Report)

11.   Haynes, Peter.
Online Voting: Rewards and Risks. Click to read the full text
Atlantic Council, October 8, 2014, 5 pages.
"Online voting and e-voting could become a larger part of the political process in the United States and in other participatory democracies with the right security to back it up." (From the Atlantic Council)

12.   U.S. Democracy: Midterm Elections. Click to read the full text
IIP Digital, October 21, 2014, 2 pages.
"In midterm elections, every one of the 435 House seats is filled by the will of the people, as expressed through the ballot box. Simultaneously, approximately one-third of the Senate also is elected, although that number can vary because senators sometimes retire or die in the middle of their terms." (From IIP Digital)

Category - Global Issues

13.   Farrukh, Adina.
Youth Internet Safety: Risks, Responses, and Research Recommendations. Click to read the full text
Brookings Institution, October 21, 2014, 18 pages.
"As Internet use by children and teenagers increases, so do concerns about their online safety.  Providing a safe environment requires an in-depth understanding of the types and prevalence of online risks young Internet users face, as well as the potential solutions for mitigating risks." (From the Brookings Institution)

14.   Kerry, John.
Our Ocean: Next Steps on Sustainable Fishing and Marine-Protected Areas. Click to read the full text
U.S. Department of State, September 25, 2014, 4 pages.
"We need to put an end to overfishing by ensuring that every fish that makes it to market is caught legally in a way that's reported and traceable. And we need to do a better job of protecting our ocean's fish stocks, which play a critical role in economic security for millions of family and in food security for millions more." (From U.S. Department of State)

15.   Lister, Sarah A.
Ebola: Basics About the Disease. Click to read the full text
(CRS Report for Congress)
Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, October 3, 2014, 5 pages.
"In March 2014, global health officials recognized an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Guinea, West Africa. In retrospect, officials determined that the outbreak began in December 2013, and spread to the adjacent countries of Liberia and Sierra Leone." (From CRS Report)


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