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FOCUS July - August 2014

Category - International Relations

  1. Bosco, Joseph A.
    Legacy of Tiananmen: China Should Look to Taiwan.
    Click to read the full text
    Center for Strategic and International Studies, Jun 15 2014, 1 page."The 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre reminds us of what remains unchanged in China's authoritarian government. The 'China dream' espoused by President Xi Jinping is not the same as what the Chinese people dream of for their country." (From the CSIS)  
  2. Collins, Lisa.
    Preempting a Crisis on the Korean Peninsula: Lessons from Ukraine. Click to read the full text
    Center for Strategic and International Studies, Jun 12, 2014, 2 pages.
    "Moscow's recent actions in Crimea will affect world politics for years. The aftershocks will be felt not just in Europe but in Asia as well. Contemplating Russia’s annexation of Crimea, experts have lamented the impact on international law, the perceived weakness of the US and its allies, and the lessons that countries like China may learn regarding the cost of unilateral action." (From the CSIS)

  3. Cordesman, Anthony H. and Sam Khazai
    Executive Summary from Iraq in Crisis. Click to read the full text
    Center for Strategic and International Studies, May 30, 2014, 4 pages.
    "Iraq is a nation in crisis bordering on civil war in 2014. The country now faces growing violence, a steady rise in Sunni Islamist extremism, an increasingly authoritarian leader that favors Iraq’s Sunnis, and growing ethnic tension between Arabs and Kurds." (From the CSIS)

  4. Holmes, James R.
    Responding to China's Assertiveness in the South China Sea. Click to read the full text
    The National Bureau of Asian Research, June 2, 2014, 2 pages.
    "In this NBR Analysis Brief, James R. Holmes (U.S. Naval War College) describes the nature of the intensifying strategic competition in the South China Sea and discusses policy options for the United States." (From the National Bureau of Asian Research)

  5. Malinowski, Tom.
    25 Years Later, Tiananmen Square Still Colors U.S.-China Relations. Click to read the full text
    U.S. Department of State, June 3, 2014, 3 pages.
    "And so today, the United States is asking of the Chinese government what we have asked — and what the Chinese families of the fallen have asked — for 25 years: to provide the fullest possible accounting of the Tiananmen events and to stop retribution against those who wish to remember them." (From U.S. Department of State)

  6. Romberg, Alan D.
    Sunshine Heats Up Taiwan Politics, Affects PRC Tactics. Click to read the full text
    Stimson Center, June 9, 2014, 20 pages.
    "In Taiwan this spring, domestic political developments attracted more attention than those on foreign fronts. The 'Sunflower' student-led occupation of the Legislative Yuan (LY), continuing interparty stalemate over the cross-Strait trade in services agreement (TiSA) and LY supervision of cross-Strait negotiations, revision of the referendum law, and the fate of the 4th Nuclear Power Plant (4NPP) sparked bitter political conflict." (From the Stimson Center)

  7. Stokes, Jacob and Julie Smith.
    Strategy and Statecraft: An Agenda for the United States in an Era of Compounding Complexity. Click to read the full text
    Center for a New American Security, June 9, 2014, 24 pages.
    "Strategy and Statecraft Program Director Julianne Smith and Bacevich Fellow Jacob Stokes analyze the current foreign policy landscape and lay out an agenda for solving the biggest challenges facing U.S. global strategy." (From the Center for a New American Security)

Category - Official Text

  1. 美國2014年人口販運問題報告 台灣部分(第一列) Click to read the full text
    2014 Trafficking in Persons Report: Taiwan.
    Click to read the full text
    OT-1405, June 20, 2014, 2 pages.
    "Taiwan authorities fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. During the reporting period, Taiwan authorities continued to prosecute trafficking offenses, including both forced labor and forced prostitution" (From AIT)

Category - Economics & Trade

  1. Criscuolo, Chiara and others.
    Executive Summary from the Dynamics of Employment Growth: New Evidence from 18 Countries. Click to read the full text
    (Small firms are bigger than you think)
    OECD, May 21, 2014, 2 pages.
    "Motivated by the ongoing interest of policy makers in the sources of job creation, this paper presents results from a new OECD project on the dynamics of employment (DynEmp) based on an innovative methodology using firm-level data (i.e. national business registers or similar sources). It demonstrates that among small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), young firms play a central role in creating jobs, whereas old SMEs tend to destroy jobs." (From the OECD)

  2. Fan, JoAnn.
    Cross-Strait Economic and Political Issues. Click to read the full text
    The Brookings Institution,  June 5, 2014, 10 pages.
    "Taiwan's efforts to institutionalize its engagement with the People's Republic of China (PRC), particularly in trade and investment activities, presents both opportunities and challenges on both sides of the Strait, and also for the United States." (From the Brookings Institution)

  3. Greszler, Rachel.
    Empowerment in the Workplace. Click to read the full text
    Heritage Foundation, June 18, 2014, 10 pages.
    "Empowerment encompasses a number of qualities including confidence, autonomy, and access to authority and influence.  In short, empowerment is the opposite of micromanagement. Empowerment is beneficial for employees and employers alike: It leads to more satisfied and motivated employees and higher levels of productivity and innovation. This, in turn, helps economic growth and government tax revenues." (From the Heritage Foundation)

  4. Moran, Theodore H. and Lindsay Oldenski.
    The US Manufacturing Base: Four Signs of Strength. Click to read the full text
    Peterson Institute for International Economics, June 2014, 12 pages.
    "Laments over the decline of the manufacturing base in the United States are widespread. But while manufacturing employment has steadily declined for many decades, more direct measures of manufacturing productivity show that the growth of the US manufacturing sector has actually been strong and not simply in the subsectors affected by computer production." (From the Peterson Institute for International Economics) 

Category - Politics 

  1. Bleiberg, Joshua.
    10 New Innovations That Could Change the World. Click to read the full text
    The Brookings Institution, June 10, 2014, 4 pages.
    "Since 2001, the MIT Technology Review has released their list of the 10 most important technological innovations that emerged each year. The editors selected each item based on its potential to change the world. Previous years lists included epigenetics, wireless sensor networks, grid computing, additive manufacturing, smart watches, and mobile 3-D. The 2014 list is just as exciting." (From the Brookings Institution)

  2. Libicki, Martin C. and others.
    Summary from Hackers Wanted: An Examination of the Cybersecurity Labor Market. Click to read the full text
    RAND, June 17, 2014, 7 pages.
    "Demand for trained cybersecurity professionals who work to protect organizations from cybercrime is high nationwide, but the shortage is particularly severe in the federal government, which does not offer salaries as high as the private sector." (From RAND)

  3. U.S. Route 66: A Journey for Travelers Seeking 'Americana.' Click to read the full text
    IIP Digital, June 13, 2014, 3 pages.
    "Route 66 is no longer the most efficient route west for drivers, but it offers a glimpse into a previous world, when traveling meant exploration, rather than simply a means to an end." (From IIP Digital)

  4. Winograd, Morley and Michael Hais.
    How Millennials Could Upend Wall Street and Corporate America. Click to read the full text
    The Brookings Institution, May 28, 2014, 19 pages.
    "By 2020, Millennials will comprise more than one of three adult Americans. It is estimated that by 2025 they will make up as much as 75 percent of the workforce.  Millennials' desire for pragmatic action that drives results will overtake today's emphasis on ideology and polarization as Boomers finally fade from the scene. Thus, understanding the generation's values offers a window into the future of corporate America." (From the Brookings Institution)

Category - Global Issues

  1. Darby, M. Brooke.
    The Escalating International Wildlife Trafficking Crisis: Ecological, Economic, and National Security Issues. Click to read the full text
    U.S. Department of State, May 21, 2014, 6 pages.
    "Let me provide some insights into the breadth and scale of the challenge posed by the global illicit trade in wildlife. Increasing demand for illegally traded wildlife products in the last several years has fueled a massive uptick in poaching, particularly in Africa, and growing engagement by sophisticated transnational organized criminal networks, drawn to profits that can rival or in some cases even exceed those derived from drug trafficking. "  (From U.S. Department of State)

  2. Lister, Sarah A.
    Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Is It a Health Emergency?
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, June 4, 2014, 6 pages.
    "Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a serious viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012.1 The global count of MERS cases increased sharply this spring. As of May 28, 2014, 636 MERS cases (including 193 deaths) have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO)." (From CRS Report)

  3. Sepulveda, Daniel.
    Internet Governance: Multistakeholder, Multilateral Sectors Can Coexist. Click to read the full text
    IIP Digital, June 18, 2014, 3 pages.
    "One of the issues at the center of discussions over the future of Internet governance is how multilateral and multistakeholder institutions with an interest in working on Internet-related issues can coexist without duplication or conflict and without threatening to undermine the Internet and its promise." (From IIP Digital)

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