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FOCUS October 2013

Category - Foreign Relations

  1. Bush, Richard, III.
    China's Challenge to the United States. Click to read the full-text
    The Ripon Forum, Summer 2013, 3 pages.
    "Recent trends suggest that world history is approaching another pivot period – one where a big shift in the balance of power destabilizes and even destroys the existing international order." (From the Ripon Forum)

  2. China-US Joint Working Group.
    China-US Cooperation: Key to the Global Future. Click to read the full-text
    Atlantic Council, September 17, 2013, 20 pages.
    "China-US Cooperation: Key to the Global Future calls for the creation of a Vision Group of senior American and Chinese nongovernment and former government experts to build on the idea of a new great power relationship proposed by China’s President Xi Jinping." (From the Atlantic Council)

  3. Kan, Shirley A.
    "U.S. Policy on One China" from China/Taiwan: Evolution of the "One China" Policy—Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei. Click to read the full-text
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 26, 2013 (updated), 31 pages.
    "Since 1971, U.S. Presidents—both secretly and publicly—have articulated a 'one China' policy in understandings with the PRC. Congressional oversight has watched for any new agreements and any shift in the U.S. stance closer to that of Beijing's 'one China' principle—on questions of sovereignty, arms sales, or dialogue. Not recognizing the PRC's claim over Taiwan or Taiwan as a sovereign state, U.S. policy has considered Taiwan's status as unsettled. With added conditions, U.S. policy leaves the Taiwan question to be resolved by the people on both sides of the strait: a 'peaceful resolution' with the assent of Taiwan's people and without unilateral changes. In short, U.S. policy focuses on the process of resolution of the Taiwan question, not any set outcome." (From CRS Report)

  4. Margesson, Rhoda and Susan G. Chesser.
    Syria: Overview of the Humanitarian Response.  Click to read the full-text
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, September 4, 2013,
    26 pages.
    "The ongoing conflict in Syria has created one of the most pressing humanitarian crises in the world. An estimated 6.8 million people in Syria, almost one-third of the population, have been affected by the conflict, including more than 4.2 million displaced inside Syria (estimate as of August 15, 2013).  The situation is fluid and continues to worsen, while humanitarian needs are immense and increase daily." (From CRS Report)

Category - Official Text


  1. 制定打擊兒童性剝削的國家戰略, 台灣展翅協會「兒少上網安全國際研討會」專題演講。Click to read the full-text
    "Creating a National Strategy to Combat Child Exploitation" Remarks by AIT Acting Director W. Brent Christensen. Click to read the full-text
    OT-1311, September 3, 2013, 10 pages.
    "Technological progress has brought us many new and wonderful opportunities, but it has also brought many new challenges.  Today’s youth, in particular, can face many dangers without leaving the comfort of their own homes.  Along with the explosion of knowledge and opportunities now available through the internet, new ways to exploit this new technology to commit transnational crimes have also emerged.  Children are among the most vulnerable victims of such criminal activity." (From AIT)

  2. 美國在台協會副處長酈英傑布魯金斯研究院「辜振甫暨辜嚴倬雲台灣研究講座」成立典禮致詞講稿。 Click to read the full-text
    Remarks by AIT Deputy Director Brent Christensen Launching the Chen-Fu and Cecilia Yen Koo Chair in Taiwan Studies at Brookings. Click to read the full-text
    OT-1312, September 12, 2013, 5 pages.
    "I am honored to be here today to participate in this special occasion to inaugurate the Chen-Fu and Cecilia Yen Koo Chair in Taiwan Studies at the Brookings Institution. The significance of this endowed chair in promoting understanding of Taiwan is appropriately matched by the prominence of the Koo family in Taiwan society and the importance of their contributions to U.S.-Taiwan relations." (From AIT)

Category - Economics & Trade

  1. Kane, Tim.
    A Survey of Leading Economics Bloggers. Click to read the full-text
    Hudson Institute, September 9, 2013, 24 pages.
    "This paper reports the results of a survey of top economics bloggers. The survey was conducted in late August 2013 by soliciting input from top economics bloggers as ranked by Palgrave's" (From Hudson Institute)

  2. Michel, Norbert J.
    Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy and the Financial Crisis: Lessons Learned. Click to read the full-text
    The Heritage Foundation, September 12, 2013, 2 pages.
    "Conventional wisdom holds that it was the federal government’s decision against bailing out this investment bank that froze credit markets and sent the economy into the 'great recession.' In reality, though, while the Lehman bankruptcy sent a clear signal to investors of trouble in the marketplace, it was far from the cause of the crisis." (From the Heritage Foundation)

  3. Ragland, Leigh Ann and others.
    Executive Summary from Red Cloud Rising: Cloud Computing in China. Click to read the full-text
    U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, September 5, 2013,
    3 pages.
    "China's plans in this area have the potential to materially impact US economic and security interests. The emergence of China-based cloud computing services and solutions may raise significant concerns for US consumers, particularly if their data is being stored or processed using infrastructure located within Mainland China." (From the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission)

  4. Roberts, James M. and Ryan Olson.
    How Economic Freedom Promotes Better Health Care, Education, and Environmental Quality. Click to read the full-text
    The Heritage Foundation, September 11, 2013, 18 pages.
    "Economic freedom and prosperity also go hand in hand with improved health and health care, lower infant-mortality rates, better education, cleaner water, and improved sanitation. Today, economic freedom is vital to maintaining prosperity where it exists—and to lifting people out of poverty where it does not." (From the Heritage Foundation)

Category - Politics

  1. Dale, Catherine and Pat Towell.
    In Brief: Assessing the January 2012 Defense Strategic Guidance (DSG).  Click to read the full-text
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 13, 2013, 9 pages.
    "The DSG is significant now, in 2013, because it is still intended to serve as the strategic foundation for further DOD policy and resource decision-making, under tighter fiscal constraints.  By all accounts, the Strategic Choices and Management Review (SCMR), conducted by DOD at the direction of Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel during spring 2013, adopted the DSG as its baseline and tested options for cutting costs against the impact such steps might have on DOD's ability to execute that defense strategy." (From CRS Report)

  2. Feder, Jody.
    Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History. 
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 16, 2013, 7 pages.
    "Affirmative action remains a subject of public debate as the result of legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. In recent years, federal courts have reviewed minority admissions programs to state universities; scrutinized the constitutional status of racial diversity policies in public elementary and secondary schools; ruled on minority preferences in public and private employment as a remedy for violation of civil and constitutional rights; and considered federal, state, and local efforts to increase minority participation as contractors and subcontractors on publicly financed construction projects." (From CRS Report)

  3. O'Sullivan, Stephanie.
    "The Case for Workforce Diversity in the Intelligence Community."
    Vital Speeches of the Day, September 2013, pp. 282-285.
    "Our job is to observe and investigate the world and to assess and analyze how what we see impacts our national security.  It's why the argument for diversity goes well beyond a simple business case.  Diversity can lead to truly revolutionary changes." (From Vital Speeches of the Day)

  4. Ryan, Camille.
    Language Use in the United States: 2011. Click to read the full-text
    U.S. Census Bureau, August 2013, 16 pages.
    "The report details the number of people speaking languages other than English at home and their ability to speak English, by selected social and demographic characteristics. It shows that more than half (58 percent) of U.S. residents 5 and older who speak a language other than English at home also speak English 'very well.' " (From U.S. Census Bureau)

Category - Global Issues

  1. Johnson, Renée and M. Lynne Corn.
    Bee Health: Background and Issues for Congress. Click to read the full-text
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 27, 2013, 25 pages.
    "Over the past few decades there has been heightened concern about the plight of honey bees as well as other bee and pollinator species. Although honey bee colony losses due to bee pests, parasites, and disease are not uncommon, there is the perception that bee health has been declining at a faster rate both in the United States and globally in recent years." (From CRS Report)

  2. Tkacheva, Olesya and others.
    Summary from Internet Freedom and Political Space. Click to read the full-text
    RAND, September 5, 2013, 11 pages.
    "This report examines whether and how furthering Internet freedom can empower civil society vis-à-vis public officials, make the government more accountable to its citizens, and integrate citizens into the policymaking process." (From the RAND)

  3. West, Darrell M.
    Mobile Learning: Transforming Education, Engaging Students, and Improving Outcomes. Click to read the full-text
    The Brookings Institution, September 17, 2013,  17 pages.
    "Mobile learning represents a way to address a number of our educational problems. Devices such as smart phones and tablets enable innovation and help students, teachers, and parents gain access to digital content and personalized assessment vital for a post-industrial world." (From the Brookings Institution)

  4. Wyler, Liana Sun.
    International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses. click
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 13, 2013,  42 pages.
    "The global illegal drug trade represents a multi-dimensional challenge that has implications for U.S. national interests as well as the international community. Common illegal drugs trafficked internationally include cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine. According to the U.S. intelligence community, international drug trafficking can undermine political and regional stability and bolster the role and capabilities of transnational criminal organizations in the drug trade." (From CRS Report)


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