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FOCUS September 2011


  1. Executive Summary from Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China - 2011.
    U.S. Department of Defense, August 24, 2011, 1 page.
    "China’s rise as a major international actor is likely to stand out as a defining feature of the strategic landscape of the early 21st century. Sustained economic development has raised the standard of living for China’s citizens and elevated China’s international profile. This development, coupled with an expanding science and technology base, has also facilitated a comprehensive and ongoing military modernization program." (From U.S. Department of Defense)

  2. Remarks by Vice President Biden on U.S.-China Relations.
    IIP Digital, August 21, 2011, 13 pages.
    "Vice President Biden told Chinese university students that China and the United States are working together to promote greater economic growth that is sustainable and balanced and trade that is free and fair." (From U.S. Department of State)

  3. Blumenthal, Dan.
    The Implications of China's South China Sea Activities.
    American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, July 29, 2011, 8 pages.
    "China's economic success and growing military might are emboldening it to press its maritime territorial claims and carve out a maritime sphere of influence in the Western Pacific that would restrict U.S. military access to the region. Recognizing this, countries like Vietnam and the Philippines—perhaps to Beijing's surprise—have decided that now is the time to take a firm stand. And while Chinese aggression has mostly been directed at Southeast Asian countries, vital U.S. national interests are at stake in the South China Sea as well." (From AEI)

  4. Glaser, Bonnie S.
    U.S.-China-Taiwan Relations in the Run-up to 2012 Elections in Taiwan and the U.S. and Leadership Transition in China.
    Center for Strategic and International Studies, August 1, 2011, 9 pages.
    "This paper will examine the dynamics at work during the run-up to the elections in Taiwan and the U.S. and China's Party Congress, and explore the implications for U.S.-China-Taiwan relations of possible leadership and policy changes." (From Center for Strategic and International Studies)

  5. Kan, Shirley A.
    U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues.
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 4, 2011, 15 pages.
    "The purpose and scope of this CRS Report is to provide a succinct overview with analysis of the issues in the U.S.-Taiwan relationship." (From CRS Report)

  6. Lum, Thomas.
    Human Rights in China and U.S. Policy.
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, July 18, 2011, 36 pages.
    "This report examines human rights conditions in China, including the 2011 crackdown on rights activists and dissent; ongoing human rights abuses; recent PRC efforts to protect human rights; and the development of civil society." (From CRS Report)


  1. Bergsten, C. Fred.
    The United States in the World Economy.
    Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics, August 12, 2011, 9 pages.
    "The United States has integrated dramatically into the world economy over the past half century. The share of international transactions in our national economy has more than tripled.  It now exceeds 30 percent of total output. We are more dependent on external economic developments than the European Union as a group or Japan, the other large high-income parts of the world, which have traditionally been regarded as much more engaged in global competition than the United States." (From Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics)

  2. Obama's Remarks on U.S. Credit Rating.
    U.S. Department of State, August 8, 2011, 4 pages.
    "Our problems are imminently [eminently] solvable. And we know what we have to do to solve them. With respect to debt, our problem is not confidence in our credit — the markets continue to reaffirm our credit as among the world’s safest. Our challenge is the need to tackle our deficits over the long term." (From IIP Digital)

  3. Scissors, Derek.
    Tools to Build the U.S.–China Economic Relationship.
    The Heritage Foundation, August 8, 2011, 10 pages.
    "Policymakers from both parties frequently point to the seemingly exceptional importance of China to the American economy, yet have created an inadequate, almost random, set of institutions to guide bilateral economic relations." (From the Heritage Foundation)


  1. Elsa, Jennifer K.
    Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information.  
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 4, 2011, 29 pages.
    "This report discusses the statutory prohibitions that may be implicated, including the Espionage Act; the extraterritorial application of such statutes; and the First Amendment implications related to such prosecutions against domestic or foreign media organizations and associated individuals." (From CRS Report)

  2. Executive Summary from Another U.S. Deficit -- China and America: Public Diplomacy in the Age of the Internet.
    (A minority staff report prepared for the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate)
    U.S. Government Printing Office: February 15, 2011, pp. 1-7.
    "China, for its own reasons, is helping to teach Americans about China. Beijing has invested millions in so-called 'Confucius Institutes' throughout the world that provide classes in Chinese language, literature and the arts. In the United States alone, there are some 70 such Institutes, located primarily at universities and colleges." (From U.S. Government Printing Office)

  3. Garvey, Todd.
    The State Secrets Privilege: Preventing the Disclosure of Sensitive National Security Information During Civil Litigation.
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, July 13, 2011, 19 pages.
    "This report is intended to present an overview of the protections afforded by the state secrets privilege; a discussion of some of the many unresolved issues associated with the privilege; and a selection of high-profile examples of how the privilege has been applied in practice." (From CRS Report)

  4. Grasso, Valerie Bailey.
    Rare Earth Elements in National Defense: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress.
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, August 5, 2011, 23 pages.
    "The 'crisis' for many policymakers is not that China has cut its rare earth exports and appears to be restricting the world's access to rare earths, but that the United States has lost its domestic capacity to produce strategic and critical materials. The Department of Defense (DOD) is examining whether there is a supply chain vulnerability issue." (From CRS Report)

  5. Haskins, Ron.
    The Budget Crisis of 2011: The View from 2021.
    The Brookings Institution, July 22, 2011, 2 pages.
    "Ten years from now when analysts look back on the deficit crisis of 2011, they will cite two major causes of the long standoff that brought the nation to the brink of disaster." (From the Brookings Institution)

  6. Lynn, William J., III.
    Remarks on the Department of Defense Cyber Strategy.
    U.S. Department of Defense, July 14, 2011, 5 pages.
    "My purpose today is to outline a strategy for confronting these threats – the Department's first ever Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace.  The cyber environment we face is dynamic.  As such, our strategy must be dynamic as well.  So while today is an important milestone, it is only one part of the Department's efforts to learn and adjust through time." (From U.S. Department of Defense)

  7. Mullen, Mike.
    U.S. National Security Strategy Update.
    U.S. Department of State, July 25, 2011, 8 pages.
    "First, as important as developing this military relationship with China is to our interests, we cannot let it dominate our thinking, planning, and force posture decisions. We have other vital and enduring security commitments in the region that we must also deepen and broaden. That’s why I also made it a point to visit Korea and Japan, two of our staunchest allies there." (From U.S. Department of State)

  8. Wahl, Grant.
    "They Pledge Allegiance."
    Sports Illustrated, June 13, 2011, pp. 54-57.
    "Soccer has become the world's game except in the U.S. where baseball dominates.  Although youth soccer leagues have achieved much popularity in the U.S., baseball teams still predominate and, in the major leagues, foreign players have become an important part of the game.  Radio and television broadcasting has further encouraged the popularity of baseball to global audiences.  The author notes that this is changing, as U.S. soccer teams have embarked on a global search for dual-passport foreign players who could make a difference for the American side.  In 2011, of the sixty players in the U.S. men's soccer pool, at least 34, representing twenty countries, are first- or second-generation Americans or otherwise hold foreign passports, the best known of whom is British-born David Beckham." (From U.S. State Department)

  1. Blanchfield, Luisa.
    International Violence Against Women: U.S. Response and Policy Issues.
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, July 26, 2011, 30 pages.
    "This report addresses causes, prevalence, and consequences of violence against women. It provides examples of completed and ongoing U.S. activities that address VAW directly or include anti-VAW components, and it outlines possible policy issues for the 112th Congress." (From CRS Report)

  2. Jankins, Brian Michael and John Paul Godges, eds.
    The Long Shadow of 9/11: America's Response to Terrorism (Introduction).
    RAND, June, 2011, 8 pages.
    "Even before bin Laden's death, the tenth anniversary of America's response to 9/11 seemed an appropriate time for a thoughtful review of progress and future strategy. The perspective of a decade would reveal broad trends not apparent in shorter time frames." (From RAND)

  3. Strategy to Combat Transnational Crime: Addressing Converging Threats to National Security.
    The White House, July 19, 2011, 28 pages.
    "While this Strategy is intended to assist the United States Government in combating transnational crime, it also serves as an invitation for enhanced international cooperation. We encourage our partners and allies to echo the commitment we have made here and join in building a new framework for international cooperation to protect all our citizens from the violence, harm, and exploitation wrought by transnational organized crime." (From the White House)

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