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FOCUS September 2010


  1. Blumenthal, Dan.
    The U.S. Stands Up to China's Bullying. full text
    American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, July 27, 2010, 2 pages.
    "Mrs. Clinton showed a deft and innovative diplomatic touch during her trip to Vietnam. Washington should continue the momentum by taking steps that demonstrate its abiding commitment to regional security." (From American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research)

  2. Office of the Secretary of Defense.
    Annual Update from Military and Security Developments Involving the People's Republic of China 2010. full text
    U.S. Department of Defense, August 16, 2010, 11 pages.
    "Over the past 30 years, China has made great progress in its pursuit of economic growth and development, which has allowed China to achieve higher living standards for the Chinese people and has increased China's international profile. These economic achievements, combined with progress in science and technology, have also enabled China to embark on a comprehensive transformation of its military. The pace and scope of China's military modernization have increased over the past decade, enabling China's armed forces to develop capabilities to contribute to the delivery of international public goods, as well as increase China's options for using military force to gain diplomatic advantage or resolve disputes in its favor." (From U.S. Department of Defense)

  1. Cline, William R.
    Renminbi Undervaluation, China's Surplus, and the US Trade Deficit. full text
    Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics, August 2010, 7 pages.
    "William R. Cline also warns that the increasing trend for China's current account surplus, combined with the negative trend for the US deficit, indicate that adjustments accomplished through exchange rate correction at any one time will have a tendency to erode unless the renminbi successively appreciates by around 2 percent annually to reflect its rapid productivity growth. Special Chinese efforts to shift the economy away from external to domestic demand are important complements of exchange rate adjustment, without which the long-term trend toward a rising trade surplus could cause excess demand to grow and increase inflationary pressures on the economy." (From Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics)

  2. Morrison, Wayne M. and Marc Labonte.
    China's Currency: An Analysis of the Economic Issues. e-mail Focus request
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, 32 pages.
    "Many economists contend that, even if China significantly appreciated its currency, the United States would still need to increase its savings and reduce domestic demand (particularly the budget deficit), and China would have to lower its savings and increase consumption, in order to reduce trade imbalances in the long-run." (From CRS Report)

  1. Figliola, Patricia Moloney.
    Spyware: Background and Policy Issues for Congress. e-mail Focus request
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, July 20, 2010, 7 pages.
    "Some of these software programs have legitimate applications the computer user wants. They obtain the moniker 'spyware' when they are installed surreptitiously, or perform additional functions of which the user is unaware. Users typically do not realize that spyware is on their computer. They may have unknowingly downloaded it from the Internet by clicking within a website, or it might have been included in an attachment to an electronic mail message (e-mail) or embedded in other software." (From CRS Report)

  2. Humphries, Marc.
    Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain. full text
    (CRS Report for Congress)
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Report, July 28, 2010, 14 pages.
    "The concentration of production of rare earth elements (REEs) outside the United States raises the important issue of supply vulnerability. REEs are used for new energy technologies and national security applications. Is the United States vulnerable to supply disruptions of REEs? Are these elements essential to U.S. national security and economic well-being?" (From CRS Report)

  3. Manning, Jennifer E. and Elli K. Ludwigson.
    Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government. e-mail Focus request
    Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, July 27, 2010, 13 pages.
    "This report describes Internet resources on major internship, fellowship, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate. This report will be updated annually." (From CRS Report)

  4. Passel, Jeffrey S.
    Unauthorized Immigrants and Their U.S.-Born Children. full text
    Pew Research Center, August 11, 2011, 10 pages.
    "Unauthorized immigrants comprise about 4% of the adult population, but their children make up a much larger share of both the newborn population (8%) and the overall child population (7% of those younger than age 18) in this country." (From Pew Research Center)

  1. Clinton, Hillary Rodham.
    Speech by Secretary Clinton on U.S. Global Health Initiative. full text
    (Next phase of American leadership in health around the world), August 16, 2010, 11 pages.
    "And that is the mission I'd like to discuss with you today: how the Obama Administration is building upon our country's long-standing commitment to global health by bringing life-saving prevention, treatment, and care to more people in more places." (From

  2. "Country Reports: East Asia and Pacific Overview." full text
    From Country Reports on Terrorism 2009.
    U.S. Department of State, August 5, 2010, 20 pages.
    "By 2009, Asia's combination of multilateral cooperation, capacity building, popular support, and political will had resulted in significant progress in countering terrorism and in developing the institutions necessary to deprive violent extremists of exploitable grievances." (From U.S. Department of State)

  3. Demchak, Chris.
    Conflicting Policy Presumptions about Cybersecurity: Cyber-Prophets, -Priests, -Detectives, and -Designers, and Strategies for a Cybered World. full text
    Atlantic Council, August 12, 2010, 7 pages.
    "It examines the strategic assumptions of cyberspace and the nature of the cyber threat. Dr. Demchak identifies a set of 'cyber communities' and recommends a way ahead to reach consensus on organizing the U.S. government's response to cyber challenges." (From Atlantic Council)

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