Skip to Content
HomeAbout this siteHelpSearch this site The Library of Congress
America's Story from America's LibraryMeet Amazing AmericansJump Back in TimeExplore the StatesJoin America at PlaySee, Hear and Sing
Explore the States 阿拉巴馬
Photo of the DeSoto Caverns
DeSoto巨穴中的縞瑪瑙室(Onyx Room)

Enlarge this image

DeSoto 巨穴

洞穴探勘嗎?您知道什麼是洞穴探 勘嗎?洞穴探勘是一項嗜好,即為探索、勘查洞穴,內容包括測量及繪製洞穴圖,並記錄洞穴內的植物或其他的生物。

位於阿拉巴馬中北部的DeSoto巨穴是一個絕佳的洞穴探察處,.其為美國境內少數生有令人驚嘆的石筍及鐘乳石洞穴之一;因礦物沈澱而成的圓錐狀石筍由下 向上增高;而鐘乳石則由上而下延伸。

DeSoto巨穴擁有長遠的歷史。最早的居住者為古體人 (Archaic manArchaic Period, 8,0001,000 B.C.)其為穴居人,以小型獵物、魚及 堅果維生。經過幾個世紀後,1796年時,一個經喬治華盛頓任命的美國探員霍金斯 (Benjamin Hawkins) ,寫了一篇闡述DeSoto巨穴是多麼宏偉、美麗的報告,使其成為美國境內第一份正式報導洞穴的報告。在內戰期間, 美國南部邦聯軍隊的火藥來源即是DeSoto巨穴中的硝酸鉀。

1965年,巨穴正式開放給一般民眾。有了高 功率燈光,人們能真正體會到巨穴的五彩繽紛之美。現在,DeSoto巨穴每年都會舉辦一些重要的週末慶祝活動。

Would you like to go spelunking? Do you know what it is? Spelunking is the exploration of caves as a hobby, including measuring and mapping caves and reporting on the plants or other things that grow in them.

The DeSoto Caverns in north central Alabama are a great place to go spelunking. They have one of the most awe-inspiring collections of stalagmites and stalactites found in the United States. A stalagmite is a cone-shaped mineral deposit that forms upward; a stalactite forms downward.

The caves have a long history. The earliest inhabitant was Archaic man (Archaic Period, 8,000 to 1,000 B.C.), a cave-dweller who lived on small game, fish and nuts. Many centuries later, in 1796, Benjamin Hawkins, a U.S. agent appointed by George Washington, wrote about the magnificent beauty of the DeSoto Caverns in a report, making it the first officially reported cave in the United States. During the Civil War, the DeSoto Caverns became a site for mining saltpeter, used in making gunpowder for the Confederate Army.

In 1965, the caverns were officially opened to the public. With high-power electric lights the caverns' colorful beauty could be fully appreciated. Today, DeSoto Caverns hosts several major weekend festivals each year.  

1/1 頁 More Stories


Library Of Congress | Legal Notices | Privacy | Site Map | Contact Us